What Currency Is Used In Egypt?

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What Currency Is Used In Egypt?

Currency is a vital aspect of any country’s identity, economy, and daily life. In the case of Egypt, the Egyptian pound (EGP) serves as the official currency. In this blog post, we’ll explore the Egyptian pound, its history, denominations, and its significance in the vibrant nation of Egypt.

The Egyptian Pound: A Brief History

The Egyptian pound, represented by the symbol “E£” or “EGP,” has a rich history dating back to the 19th century. It was introduced during the 19th century Ottoman Empire as a unit of currency, and it continued to be used when Egypt became a British protectorate. In 1885, the National Bank of Egypt became the sole issuer of Egyptian currency.

Over the years, the Egyptian pound has undergone various changes, including modifications to its design and denominations. Its stability has been crucial for both domestic and international trade.

Denominations Of The Egyptian Pound

The Egyptian pound is divided into smaller units, including:

  1. Piastres (PT or Qirsh): 1 Egyptian pound is equal to 100 piastres. The piastre is often used in daily transactions, particularly for small purchases.
  2. Coins: Coins in circulation include 1, 5, 10, 20, 25, and 50 piastre denominations, as well as 1 pound coins.
  3. Banknotes: Egyptian banknotes are issued in various denominations, including 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, and 200 pounds. Each denomination features different historical figures, landmarks, and cultural symbols.

The Role Of The Egyptian Pound

The Egyptian pound plays a crucial role in Egypt’s economy and daily life:

  1. Domestic Transactions: The pound is the primary currency used for everyday transactions, from purchasing groceries to paying utility bills.
  2. International Trade: For international trade and financial transactions, the Egyptian pound is often used alongside major foreign currencies, such as the US dollar and the euro.
  3. Tourism: As Egypt is a popular tourist destination, the pound is widely accepted for tourism-related expenses, including accommodations, dining, and souvenir shopping.
  4. Investment: The pound is essential for foreign investors and businesses operating in Egypt, as it is the local currency for financial transactions and investments.
  5. Reserve Currency: The pound is held in reserve by the Central Bank of Egypt to ensure stability and liquidity in the financial system.

Fluctuations In The Egyptian Pound

Like all currencies, the Egyptian pound is subject to exchange rate fluctuations. These fluctuations can be influenced by factors such as changes in economic conditions, political events, and international market dynamics. The Central Bank of Egypt plays a pivotal role in maintaining stability and managing the exchange rate to protect the currency’s value.


The Egyptian pound is a symbol of Egypt’s rich history and a fundamental element of its modern economy. Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Cairo, visiting ancient temples along the Nile, or simply enjoying the local cuisine, the Egyptian pound is the currency that facilitates transactions and shapes the economic landscape of this diverse and culturally rich nation.

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What Is Best Currency To Take To Egypt?

The best currency to take to Egypt is the Egyptian Pound. US dollars are accepted in some larger hotels or tourist spots, but this cannot be relied upon.

How Many Egyptian Pounds Are In $1 Us?

1 USD = 30.903 EGP Oct 10, 2023 00:18 UTC

Check the currency rates against all the world currencies here. The currency converter below is easy to use and the currency rates are updated frequently.

Can I Use Usd In Egypt?

US dollars are widely accepted in major tourist establishments, hotels, and souvenir shops. There are no restrictions on the amount of foreign currency or travelers cheques which may be brought into the country. However, passengers entering Egypt with Egyptian currency exceeding 1000 USD must declare this on arrival.

How Much Do You Tip In Egypt In Dollars?

The amount is entirely a personal preference, however the equivalent of USD 2–4 per person, per day, is a commonly used guideline. Of course, you are free to tip more or less as you see fit, depending on your perception of service quality and the length of your trip.

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